Broadly speaking, three views have emerged with regard to Islam and democracy. One view, often favored by the Western media, holds that Muslim societies are unable to develop a liberal culture and hence Muslim countries have not been able to achieve democracy. Another, although a majority view among Muslim intellectuals, and not generally supported by the political practice, claims that democracy is not only compatible with Islamic teachings but also that Islamic polities in history have been more democratic than any other system in the world. The third view maintains that democracy is a foreign Western concept and does not go along with Islamic teachings. Islamic democracy, i.e. a democracy defined from the perspective, differs from "Western" democracy in form as well as in objectives. Whatever the perspective, studies on Islam and democracy never fail to stress the point that building democracy in Muslim countries is a formidable task. The present essay analyzes the following four texts that illustrate these three views: (1). Martin Kramer, "Islam vs Democracy" (1996); (2). Khalifa Abdul Hakim, The Prophet and his Message (1987); (3). Amin Ahsan Islahi, Islami Riyasat (1977); and (4) Qari Tayyib, Fitri Hukumat (1963).